Is Reliance jio about to create monopoly in telecom industry ?

img. source google

Several years ago, India had one of the world’s most competitive telecom markets, with numerous players vying for business. Now, there is a serious risk of monopoly. when reliance jio enter in the telecom business in 2016 , with in short period of time jio about to create monopoly in INDIAN telecom industery , with the more than 398.3 million subscribers , as of june 30th 2020 , it was reported that jio is the fastest growing telecom company .

The Indian conglomerate Reliance Industries is using its newly minted telecom monopoly to expand into other sectors of the Indian economy in partnership with multinational companies including Google, Facebook and Microsoft. Its 5G claims are a signal that it is now a part of the US-led global alliance against China’s tech companies. 

The combined market cap of the Reliance oil and telecom empire is US$189 billion, making it the only Indian company in the top 50 global list and 10th in Asia. In four years, Reliance Jio used its parent’s oil and gas revenues to power its way into telecom and become the leading Indian player. It bled the others with its initial low, predatory pricing rates, until  they surrendered, accepting Jio as the undisputed market leader. 

Since Jio’s arrival, India’s competition authorities have waved through a succession of takeovers and mergers that would have set off alarms in just about any other democratic country. Consolidation usually means the disappearance of perhaps two or three players. India’s list of casualties is long enough to pin to an industry memorial. They include names such as Aircel, MTS, Reliance Communications, Telenor . Vodafone India and Idea Cellular, two former titans, have merged.

No doubt, India was ripe for change. When Jio rocked up, it looked grossly inefficient and had fallen behind other parts of the world on the rollout of high-speed mobile data networks. The catalyst provided by a new operator, taking advantage of the latest technologies, was welcome.

jio Investors

image source jio website ,

in this image it is clearley shown all the investor of the jio and ammount of stake in jio .

In the latest development, India has been forced to postpone a 5G spectrum auction that was supposed to happen this April. Neither Bharti Airtel nor Vodafone Idea is in a position to buy new spectrum licenses at the high prices the government wants to charge. Only Jio could realistically afford those rates. only because of using the money of Rel. oil and a huge amount of FDI , in last 3 month jio raised 115693.95 crore from leading global investors including Facebook, Silver Lake , General Atlantic, KKR , mubadala, ADIA, Vista equity partners TPG and Catterton .

India desperately needs a U-turn. It is reportedly preparing a rescue package for stressed telecom companies and could offer relief to companies that owe licensing fees. But it will have to go far to persuade the international community it upholds fair play. Otherwise, India’s smartphone addicts may eventually find Jio is their only option.

jio competitor

image source : google

India’s telecom industry has made massive strides in the last few year with the roll- out of national 4g and increasing subscriber base , with the more than 100s million users, India is a hotspot for companies , still this industry barely has 4 players left, ( vodaphon, idea, Airtel, BSNL, mtnl ) jio can afford discount rates because of its cash rich parent Reliance . but the same ist’s true for others , the current avereage rate for 1GB of 4G data in India is $0.26 while it cost $12.37 in US, $6.66 in UK , and global average of $8..53 , last year when 2 largest subscriber base( more than 400 million ) compnay come together to fight with jio that is Vodaphon and Idea , but dose’t work and by the time both companies lost alot of subscribers (combined loss 120 million ) and their invester lost 50% of money , on the other hand Airtel shifted its focus and want to improve its ARPU (Average revenue per user, sometimes known as average revenue per unit, is a measure used primarily by consumer communications, digital media, and networking companies, defined as the total revenue divided by the number of subscribers.) instead of adding subscribers , according to OpenSignal, Airtel lead the Chart with the an average download speed of 8.7 Mbps, followed by jio at 6.3 Mbps . vodafone and idea werw 5.9 and 5.4 respectively .

jio comparison with Airtel (with the title of 2nd most suscriber )according to market CAP, market share , subscriber, and revenue .

by – Deshdeepak yadav

source :

google , news web site , newspaper, TRAI website .

INDIAN HEALTH SYSTEM COLLAPSE ?

With the India reporting over 10,000 cases a day, most hospitals are running at full capacity and beds are filling up fast. At present 2/3 of the Indian hospital are working only on COVID-19 treatment and other patent are suffer lack of ability of hospital over the more than 1.3 billion people India only expend 1.3% of GDP which is lower than the average expenditure by countries clubbed as among the “poorest” country of the world.

In last 2 month the health care condition is worse in India people are die in search of hospital / treatment in these day many patent are running different different hospital in search of treatment and died on the road due to lack of place in hospital, lack of resourcse are their on hospital , over a huge no of population a limited number of ventilators are available which is very low number.

The total number of coronavirus cases in the India is more than 3 lack and still growing with per day 10,000 average and total number of death 9535, and as of now India is suffering lack of ICU , ventilators. and as per expert it is expected that covid -19 is on peak in last of july .

Estimates suggest approximately 19 lac hospital beds, 95 thousand ICU beds and 48,000 ventilators are available in India
Most of the beds and ventilators in India, are concentrated in seven States – UttarPradesh (14.8%), Karnataka (13.8%), Maharashtra (12.2%), Tamil Nadu (8.1%), WestBengal (5.9%), Telangana (5.2%) and Kerala (5.2%).
• Existing bed capacity is mostly saturated at government hospitals
• Accommodation of influx of COVID 19 patients, will require rapid expansion of current capacity or modifications in admission policy for routine patient care

Indian Infrastructure

In the 2019 Global Health Security Index, which measures pandemic preparedness for countries based on their ability to handle the crisis, India ranked 57, lower than the US at 1, the UK at 2, Brazil at 22, and Italy at 31, suggesting it is more vulnerable to the pandemic than countries that have seen a high number of fatalities so far.

India’s low investment in the health sector, dedicating only 1.3% of its GDP, is now making it vulnerable to COVID-19. It contrasts with other developing countries such as Brazil, which spends 7.5% of its annual GDP on health, Bhutan, which has allocated 3.6%, and Bangladesh, which dedicates 2.2%.

Among developed nations, South Korea has kept its healthcare expenditure at a whopping 8.1%, Japan 10.9%, and the US at 8.5%.

India has a severe shortage of healthcare workers. According to the Health Ministry data released in October last year, there is one doctor for every 11,082 people, which is more than 10 times the doctor-patient ratio that the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO mandates that the doctor to population ratio should be 1:1,000, while India had a 1:1,404 ratio as of February 2020.

In rural areas, this doctor-patient ratio is as low as 1:10,926 doctors as per National Health Profile 2019.

According to data from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development available for India for 2017, India has 0.53 beds for 1,000 people compared with 0.87 in Bangladesh, 1.1 in Indonesia, 2.11 in Chile, 2.73 in Turkey, 1.38 in Mexico, 4.34 in China and 8.05 in Russia.

In a recent study, the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (India) and Princeton University said the country currently has 713,986 beds, including 35,699 in intensive care units, and 17,850 ventilators for 1.3 billion people.

Conclusion

The current scenario shows poor planning of health care system in India over the year’s of government’s , over a huge number of population and such a worse condition of health care system ,people across the country suffering due to lack of proper infrastructure, India need to improving the quality of health care at a low level required to focus on large investment in this sector because ” health is wealth” , india need a good policy and a proper implementation .

Thanks !

Deshdeepak

Data and Image source :

google , Indian govt. health website , news agencies

Impact of COVID-19 on India Business Industry

This is bad time for the entire business world even a small shop owner suffer crises due to this global pendemic . While there’s no slew of tried-and-true best practices for dealing with this global pandemic, the are some business which are going to be changed after covid-19 , these business ideas can help you emerge out as a leader through this crisis.

Moreover, it is equally essential to understand that the concept of the online marketplace comes with a futuristic approach. I truly believe that there will be a solution to this pandemic very soon. The world will be a healthier and safer place once again. And the businesses will be gaining their momentum. but after pendemic their is a new era of doing business, in which internet play a major role for making business easy .

We have been forced to adopt digitalization in our everyday life. These new habits have created new business opportunities but at the cost of huge economic losses. Enterprises had to adopt new normals and smartly diverse their operations. Other industries like tourism, travel, real estate have also been impacted. In these adverse times, the role of decision-makers to implement smart and sustainable business models is very important

1.Education Industry:

The 1st industry which is going to change Education , Children are missing their school/collage , as they have been inside at home for a long period of time. Digital education has experienced new growth in these periods. Many schools have tried different online teaching platforms to fulfill their requirements. The assessment of assignments and taking online exams are the newest challenges these schools are facing. Home tution and coaching centers are out of market , somehow big coaching center able to go online and hardly fulfill requirement and provide material to student because have fewer resources and facilities to avail these tools, but it’s very hard for them too, but small coaching and tution center are out. Their place is taken by some new internet era their is a lot of educational-Tech Platforms like Byju’s, Extra marks, Vedantu etc. are eating up their market.

Besides these, teachers are struggling to make their students understand the concepts. Therefore, recorded videos are frequently being used, which contain more options and animations to represent the concepts. but still it’s not enought for students

2.Health Care\medical Industry:

The most affected industry in the covid -19 is the health care industry.The impact of the coronavirus pandemic and the lockdown it triggered is clearly visible in financial markets. But there is still no clarity on the deeper impact that it is having across businesses and industrial sectors. Here is an impact analysis in healthcare sector.

The healthcare sector is at the epicentre of this unprecedented global pandemic challenge, and the private sector has risen to the occasion, by offering to the government all the support it needs, be it testing support, preparing isolation beds for the treatment of Covid-19 positive patients or deploying equipment and staff in identified nodal hospitals.

Just because of covid -19 all the global health care industry only focous on only COVID-19 , and all the other disease medicen on demand , all hospital are only about to check covid -19, putting on hold of a large number of patient of less harmfull disease , and all clinic are closed . their are also some online site / app’s which are providing home delivery of medicines and home service of doctor , but it’s not fulfill of requirement , and these are very expensive so poor people are not able to get medicine and doctors.

What is the impact on India’s medical devices industry?

  • The medical devices industry has also taken a hit. The country imports consumables, disposables and capital equipment including orthopaedic implants, gloves, syringes, bandages, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging devices from China. Due to the current crisis in China, the medical device manufacturers across India are finding it difficult to source important raw materials and electronic components from Chinese factories.

3. Self-Care Industry:

This pandemic has shown us the importance of self-care during negative times. We got to know, to lead a stable and efficient life, keeping our mind stable is essential. This has resulted in a boost of self-care content consumption online.

Consumptions for motivational contents, exercises, healthy diets, mind management etc. has increased exponentially. Subscriptions for the online webinars of established trainers has increased hugely.

Minimalist mindset adoption has seen higher growth numbers, which suggests, people now care to stick with essential items than luxuries. We have realised we require a fairly minimal number of items daily and the rest of the items are actually blocking our cupboard spaces.

4. Entertainment Industry:

we miss the cinema halls, a cheers from the crowd and we enjoying the ridiculously priced popcorn looking at the big screen. We are unsure when we can experience this again, as people are preferring to maintain social distances and cinema halls seats can be an easy prop to transmit the virus. Therefore, some yet to be released movies are releasing online, through the partnerships with media streaming applications.

In the covid-19 lock down all shooting , editing , composing etc are closed all artiest are in house thair is no prodction house working, but soon as we expecting end of pendemic and all these start again and we enjoy it. but in this digital era, platforms like Netflix, Amazon prime etc. have capitalised hugely and have become a necessity for many entertainment seekers than a luxury.

Meanwhile, we realised that authentic and valuable contents can win hearts even after a quarter of the century. Mythological series like Ramayan, Mahabharat etc. were adored hugely by everyone, which showed us, true contents can hold the attention of any age group. The nostalgic feeling and throwback to old days kept the TV channels alive.

5.Hospitality Industry:

All Hotels and restaurants have been shut down across globe and in India since last 3-4 months which is hugely impacting the pockets of owners. Many owners had to fire workers to sustain the period, though the future revenue figures are uncertain.

 With leisure and business tourism coming to a standstill because of the Covid-19 pandemic, India’s hospitality sector is facing its biggest crises ever,  pandemic and the containment measures introduced by Governments globally and in India resulted in a severe drop in foreign and domestic travel across the world, in both the business and leisure travel segment. This will leave a lasting impact on the credit profile of airlines and hospitality companies. Globally, hotels have acknowledged the depth of this decline with recovery stated two to three years from now.

THANKS !

Deshdeepak

Image source : google

MODI ANNOUNCES 20 LAKH CRORE RESCUE PACKAGE

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 In a televised address nation before the end of 3.0 national lockdown , India’s prime minister, Narendra Modi, announced an economic rescue package of 20 Lakh carore{ $260 billion}  which is aproxx 10% of  Indian GDP  for a nation that, although relatively successful in controlling coronavirus infections, has been left economically devastated.

The Rs 20 lakh crore economic stimulus announced by the Prime Minister takes into account the measures that the government and RBI have already rolled out in the form of Rs 1.7 lakh crore in cash and free food and Rs 5.24 lakh crore in liquidity support. That pegs the new stimulus at Rs 13.1 lakh crore, or 6.5% of GDP, which will likely come in the form of loan guarantees for MSMEs, wage support for MSME workers, aid for migrant labourers, tax sops to make local production competitive, tax cuts to spur spending and support for construction and housing sectors. The total package at 10% of GDP puts India in league with likes of Germany, Sweden and France and way ahead of Spain, Italy, the UK and China.

Prime minister  was short on details but said the relief package, which amounts to around 10 percent of India’s gross domestic product and was larger than expected, would help all classes, from farmers and migrant laborers to big businesses.

He urged Indians to become more economically self reliant  which means using of indian made product more than international product giving a example of mahatma Gandhi ji as he campaign to boycott British textiles and buy Indian cloth instead.

“Be vocal about local!”  prime minester said . “Who can stop us from becoming a self-reliant India?”

He further said  that India can make many products locally, boasting that the country went from manufacturing almost no PPE kits or protective masks before the coronavirus pandemic to now making hundreds of thousands each day.

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As so long national lockdown of a 1.3 billion people pandemic have hit its economy especially hard, leaving millions of poor people unemployed. All across the country, out-of-work laborers have been pouring from cities and returning to rural areas where they hope to rely on family members to survive.

As Prime minister promised that in the coming days India’s finance ministry would reveal all the details of fund and who will get benifit from this package, migrant laborers , farmers, honest taxpayers, MSMEs  (micro small and medium enterprises ) and cottage industry.were  among the people who would be helped by the stimulus plan.

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 As 3.0 National lockdown will end on 17 may , Mr. prime minister didn’t directly address  that national lockdown  further extend, but he said that during the next phase of the lockdown,rules would change. And he hinted that the lockdown might be eased.

“All the experts are telling us that corona will be part of our lives for a long period,” Mr. Prime minister said in his half-hour speech. “But we cannot allow our lives to revolve around corona, corona, corona.” He urged Indians to continue wearing masks and maintaining social distance.

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India has reported around 70,000 corona virus infections and 2,300 deaths. For a country of 1.3 billion people, that is a very low as compared with other richer countries. Though testing is lower here as well, which may mean the infection rate is higher than reported, many public health officials have said India has done a good job so far in containing the virus.

 

THANKS !

Deshdeepak

 

 

 

data and image source – google and news agencies