INDIAN HEALTH SYSTEM COLLAPSE ?

With the India reporting over 10,000 cases a day, most hospitals are running at full capacity and beds are filling up fast. At present 2/3 of the Indian hospital are working only on COVID-19 treatment and other patent are suffer lack of ability of hospital over the more than 1.3 billion people India only expend 1.3% of GDP which is lower than the average expenditure by countries clubbed as among the “poorest” country of the world.

In last 2 month the health care condition is worse in India people are die in search of hospital / treatment in these day many patent are running different different hospital in search of treatment and died on the road due to lack of place in hospital, lack of resourcse are their on hospital , over a huge no of population a limited number of ventilators are available which is very low number.

The total number of coronavirus cases in the India is more than 3 lack and still growing with per day 10,000 average and total number of death 9535, and as of now India is suffering lack of ICU , ventilators. and as per expert it is expected that covid -19 is on peak in last of july .

Estimates suggest approximately 19 lac hospital beds, 95 thousand ICU beds and 48,000 ventilators are available in India
Most of the beds and ventilators in India, are concentrated in seven States – UttarPradesh (14.8%), Karnataka (13.8%), Maharashtra (12.2%), Tamil Nadu (8.1%), WestBengal (5.9%), Telangana (5.2%) and Kerala (5.2%).
• Existing bed capacity is mostly saturated at government hospitals
• Accommodation of influx of COVID 19 patients, will require rapid expansion of current capacity or modifications in admission policy for routine patient care

Indian Infrastructure

In the 2019 Global Health Security Index, which measures pandemic preparedness for countries based on their ability to handle the crisis, India ranked 57, lower than the US at 1, the UK at 2, Brazil at 22, and Italy at 31, suggesting it is more vulnerable to the pandemic than countries that have seen a high number of fatalities so far.

India’s low investment in the health sector, dedicating only 1.3% of its GDP, is now making it vulnerable to COVID-19. It contrasts with other developing countries such as Brazil, which spends 7.5% of its annual GDP on health, Bhutan, which has allocated 3.6%, and Bangladesh, which dedicates 2.2%.

Among developed nations, South Korea has kept its healthcare expenditure at a whopping 8.1%, Japan 10.9%, and the US at 8.5%.

India has a severe shortage of healthcare workers. According to the Health Ministry data released in October last year, there is one doctor for every 11,082 people, which is more than 10 times the doctor-patient ratio that the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO mandates that the doctor to population ratio should be 1:1,000, while India had a 1:1,404 ratio as of February 2020.

In rural areas, this doctor-patient ratio is as low as 1:10,926 doctors as per National Health Profile 2019.

According to data from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development available for India for 2017, India has 0.53 beds for 1,000 people compared with 0.87 in Bangladesh, 1.1 in Indonesia, 2.11 in Chile, 2.73 in Turkey, 1.38 in Mexico, 4.34 in China and 8.05 in Russia.

In a recent study, the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (India) and Princeton University said the country currently has 713,986 beds, including 35,699 in intensive care units, and 17,850 ventilators for 1.3 billion people.

Conclusion

The current scenario shows poor planning of health care system in India over the year’s of government’s , over a huge number of population and such a worse condition of health care system ,people across the country suffering due to lack of proper infrastructure, India need to improving the quality of health care at a low level required to focus on large investment in this sector because ” health is wealth” , india need a good policy and a proper implementation .

Thanks !

Deshdeepak

Data and Image source :

google , Indian govt. health website , news agencies

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